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Bogs, Baths & Basins: The Story of Domestic Sanitation by David J Eveleigh (Sutton, 2006)

Detailed history of toilets in Britain.


Privies and Water Closets by David J Eveleigh (Shire, 2008)

Concise illustrated overview of the development of toilets.


The Big Necessity: Adventures in the World of Human Waste by Rose George (Portobello Books, 2008)

Powerful and personal study of sanitation in diverse locations worldwide.


The Great Stink of London: Sir Joseph Bazalgette and the Cleansing of the Victorian Metropolis by Stephen Halliday (History Press, 2001)

The definitive story of London’s sewers and their 19th-century transformation.


Temples of Convenience & Chambers of Delight by Lucinda Lambton (Pavilion, 1998)

Lavishly illustrated compendium of toilets, including a potted history.


Clean & Decent by Lawrence Wright (Routledge, 1960)

Comprehensive history of bathrooms and water closets.


Gladstone Pottery Museum

Featuring excellent Flushed with Pride exhibition.


Museum of London

Exhibits and stories about the history of sanitation in the capital, including the planning and construction of the groundbreaking Victorian sewage system.


English Heritage

Online gallery of historic toilets across historic English properties.


National Trust

Tales from toilets in National Trust properties.


Black Country Living Museum

Recreating everyday life in the West Midlands, including original privies.




World Toilet Organization


Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSaNa)


Toilet Board Coalition


Around the Toilet


Water Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University


Austria & Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag)


Joseph Bazalgette’s astonishing ‘cathedral on the marsh’, the spectacular pumping station that powered the flow of sewage across south London from 1865. See displays of historic toilets. as well as the world’s largest surviving rotative beam engines.

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